Oranges are the most popular among citrus fruits in terms of global consumption. It's a common practice in many western cultures to welcome the day with a glass of orange juice which not just gives a refreshing thrust to the day ahead, but brings with it numerous health benefits.
The first oranges, a cultivated hybrid variety of berries, are believed to be a produce of India from where it moved on to China. Even the name orange is believed to be a derivative of Sanskrit 'Naranga' or Telugu 'Naringa'. Persian traders that traded with India and China took it to Rome during the first century BC, from where it spread to the rest of the world. Yet another legend says oranges are the 'fruit of god' and are the 'golden apples' that Hercules stole.
Today, there are about 600 varieties of oranges. Brazil is the single largest orange producing nation, but the variety produced in the US states of California and Florida are widely considered to be the best in the planet.